The Grasshopper’s Life Cycle

  • By: Charles Coleman
  • Date: January 27, 2023
  • Time to read: 13 min.

The grasshopper has many phases during its life cycle. The grasshopper starts out as an egg, which hatches into a larva. This grasshopper is tiny and worm-like, with two pairs of jointed legs used to crawl around on the ground or climb up plants to eat leaves. As it grows larger, it becomes more like an adult grasshopper but still cannot fly because it has wings. Grasshoppers will shed their skin several times before they finally grow wings and become adults!

EggGrasshopper eggs are laid in the soil or on plants and are typically grouped together in clusters.
NymphAfter hatching, grasshopper nymphs go through several stages of growth and development, during which they resemble small adults but lack fully developed wings.
AdultFully grown grasshoppers have fully developed wings and are able to fly. They are herbivores and feed on a variety of plants.
ReproductionAdult grasshoppers mate and lay eggs to begin the cycle again.

What is the Life Cycle of a Grasshopper?

A grasshopper’s life cycle starts with an egg, which hatches into a tiny worm-like larva. As the grasshopper grows, it sheds its skin several times and becomes more like the adult grasshoppers familiar with but still do not have wings. Once grasshoppers become adults, they can fly away to mate!


The grasshopper’s life cycle begins when the female grasshoppers mate and lay eggs in the ground. The eggs hatch into nymphs, which look like miniature adults. After a few weeks of eating grass and other small insects, they become adult grasshoppers, ready to start their own families.

Females lay eggs in the ground, where they hatch into nymphs after some time. Larvae then develop until adulthood, when they mate themselves and lay eggs. Eggs provide food for both grasshoppers during this stage of development.


The grasshopper’s life cycle starts with the nymph stage, which lasts from about one to two months. The grasshopper feeds on plant juices and other vegetable matter during this stage. It becomes sexually mature after shedding its skin for the first time and entering adulthood. This is also when it will typically change colors as well.


The grasshopper is short-lived in the family Acrididae. They are found on all continents except Antarctica and inhabit grasslands and desert environments. Their thin bodies allow them to move quickly through dry grasses, hunting for prey. Grasshoppers typically have brown or green coloration, which blends with their surroundings.

The adults have wings, but they cannot fly; most species of grasshoppers are incapable of sustained flight even when it would be advantageous to do so (e.g., during migratory periods). As such, they rely on running or hopping along the ground until they find an area that suits them well enough to burrow into the soil for safety.

There are Two Types of Grasshoppers:

Inside the grasshopper’s body is a pair of spirally folded wings. The grasshoppers use these to fly. They also have long antennae that they use for feeling and smelling things around them and sucking up their food. Grasshoppers are very important because they eat many different plants that would otherwise grow unchecked if grasshoppers weren’t around to eat them.

Long-Horned Grasshoppers

Grasshoppers are grass-eating insects that can be found all over the world. They have a distinctive body and hind leg structure, and they range in length from 2 to 7 cm. The grasshopper’s long antennae detect vibrations in the air, allowing it to locate potential mates or prey. Grasshoppers also possess powerful mandibles for chewing grass blades or other thorny vegetation.

Short-horned Grasshoppers

Short-horned grasshoppers are members of the grasshopper family. They have short, narrow heads and antennae that stick out on both sides of their heads. Their wings are long and thin with few veins, making them excellent jumpers. The females have a wider body than males because they need to carry eggs from one place to another.

Scientific Classification

A grasshopper’s scientific classification is Hexapoda. The grasshopper belongs to the class Insecta, which includes all insects with three pairs of legs and a single pair of wings. Grasshoppers belong to the order Orthoptera, which encompasses katydids, crickets, locusts, and wetas.

They are in the suborder Caelifera within this order because grasshoppers have shorter antennae than their body length. All grasshoppers have chewing mouthparts called mandibles located below their head between their two large compound eyes on either side of their head.

Kingdom – Animalia

The Animal Kingdom is one of the most diverse and exciting kingdoms. Animals are found in all sorts of shapes, sizes, colors, features, and habitats worldwide. The animal kingdom includes mammals, amphibians, reptiles, and insects with different evolutionary paths that lead them to their current state. This diversity has led to some very unique animals.

For example, some animals can live underwater for long periods like whales or aquatic life forms like jellyfish; some mammals spend significant portions of their lives in trees like monkeys; not to mention those who climb up cliffsides like mountain goats or venture into deserts like camels. All these amazing animals make up the Animal Kingdom!

Phylum – Arthropoda

The Phylum of Arthropoda is the largest species in the animal kingdom, containing over a million different species of arthropods.

This big group includes insects, spiders, horseshoe crabs, and scorpions. They are all characterized by having jointed legs attached to their bodies for locomotion.

Subphylum – Hexapoda

Grasshoppers are in the Subphylum Hexapoda. They have six legs, two antennae, and a long segmented body. Grasshoppers are considered actual insects because they have three main parts that all insects share: head, thorax, and abdomen.

The head has one pair of antennae. The thorax comprises three pairs of jointed legs called trochanters, with each leg ending in a claw-like structure called a tarsus. Each also consists of five segments that support the grasshopper when walking or jumping on leaves or other surfaces to catch prey like ants and small beetles.

Class – Insecta

Insects are a class of arthropods that have been on the planet for over 350 million years. They represent more than half of all known animal species and account for about 90% of the earth’s biodiversity.

Insects have three pairs of jointed legs, two antennae, and a hard shell open on the inside. They also have parts where they eat and drink things. Insects undergo complete metamorphosis, which means they hatch from eggs as larvae, grow into pupa before becoming adults.

Order – Orthoptera

Orthopterans are insects of the order Orthoptera. They’re also called “grasshoppers” and “crickets.” There are about 10,000 species of orthopters; they can be found on every continent except Antarctica. Grasshoppers and crickets have a long narrow body that is usually green or brown in color and has wings that cover most of their abdomen when at rest.

However, there are distinctions between them: grasshoppers have antennae that end with a club, whereas crickets don’t (which means they use their antennae as sensory organs to feel around). Also, while some grasshopper species make sounds by rubbing their wings together like a violin bow, all cricket species produce sounds by rubbing their wings together like a scraper and comb.

Crickets are sometimes confused with katydids, but the latter only has one “ear” on each side of its body, while crickets can have two or three depending on species and gender (male generally having more than female).

Suborder – Caelifera

Grasshoppers and crickets are members of the suborder Caelifera, one of seventeen suborders in the order Orthoptera. They have long antennae and hear with their hind legs. Grasshoppers can jump as high as ten inches off the ground, but they cannot fly. There are about 12,000 species of grasshopper worldwide.

Some grasshoppers can be found living on every continent except Antarctica. The widest variety lives in Africa and lengths up to 17 cm (6 inches). Members of this group usually live only two or three years before dying from lack of food or water or predation by other animals such as spiders and birds; some may survive for four years if they’re lucky enough to find a good home.

Crickets are slightly smaller than grasshoppers and have shorter antennae. They can fly short distances, but they usually hop or walk like grasshoppers. About 900 cricket species worldwide, most of which live in warm climates.

Physical Features

Grasshoppers are green or brown insects that can be found on most continents. They have powerful hind legs that allow them to jump and a long antenna for finding food. Grasshoppers grow from eggs into nymphs, then pupae, then adults. They go through four stages of development: egg instars, nymph instars, pupa instars, and adult instars.

Grasshoppers Colour

If you’re wondering why grasshoppers are green, blue, red, or yellow- it’s because of the pigment in their exoskeleton. There are two kinds of stains that give them their colors: carotenoids and melanins. Carotenoids give a grasshopper its green coloration, while melanin gives it brown or black.

The amount of each pigment varies depending on the species of grasshopper. For example, some have more carotenoid than others, so they look more green than others who have less carotenoid, making them appear more brownish to reddish in hue.

Grasshoppers Weight

The weight of a grasshopper can vary depending on its species, size, and sex.

The heaviest recorded grasshopper was a South-African Mantis called Goliathus Regius, weighing 155g. The lightest female is the Pale Grasshoppers from North America with an average weight of 0.073 g, while the most delicate male is from Australia at 0.062 g. In general, females are lighter than males as they have less muscle mass and do not produce sperm or eggs, so they have no need to carry either around with them all day long!

Grasshoppers Size

Grasshoppers are typically about 2.5-3 cm in length, with the largest being up to 7.5 cm long. Grasshopper size varies depending on species and environmental factors such as temperature or rainfall levels. Some grasshoppers can jump 3 meters high in a single leap!

Grasshoppers Head

Grasshoppers are a type of insect. They have six legs and wings, which they use to fly. Grasshoppers live in fields and meadows, where they eat plants and other insects. Many different types of grasshopper live on every continent except Antarctica.

Grasshoppers can be found worldwide but not in Antarctica because it is too cold there for them to survive.

Sometimes, grasshoppers fly together, and sometimes they don’t. When they do, they need to keep some space between themselves so that their wings don’t get caught up with each other.

Grasshoppers Thorax

What are the parts of a grasshopper’s thorax? A thorax is made up of three segments. The first segment, called the prothorax, holds most of its legs and contains two wings. The second segment, or mesothorax, has one pair of long wings located at either side. The third segment is known as the metathoracic segment; it has no branches but does contain an organ that produces sound.

Grasshoppers also have five pairs on their abdomen (abdominal segments). Each abdominal piece on a male contains a single testicle, while females will always have six components with ovaries in all but one used to lay eggs.

Grasshoppers Abdomen

The grasshopper’s abdomen is divided into three segments. The first segment contains the heart, lungs, and reproductive organs. The second segment includes the gut or stomach, where food enters the body. The third segment of the grasshopper’s abdomen has no specific function but may be used for gas storage; it also stores fat to provide energy during hibernation.

Geographical Range and Habitat

The grasshopper has a wide geographical range, including the Americas, Europe, Africa, and Asia. The habitats they occupy are varied, including meadows, fields of grain, and various vegetation types. Grasshoppers prefer moist areas where there is plenty of greenery to eat. They will also find shelter in trees or bushes if necessary.

Grasshoppers Behaviour

Grasshoppers belong to the group Orthoptera, which means “straight-winged.” They also have hind legs adapted for jumping. Grasshoppers live in temperate climates throughout the world and can be found on every continent except Antarctica. There are about 3,500 different species of grasshopper worldwide.

Grasshoppers Diet

Grasshoppers are common insects found around the world. They also have various diet habits, from those who eat plant matter to those who subsist on other insects. The type of food they consume will determine their size and how long it takes them to develop into adults.

The most common grasshopper is the short-horned grasshopper, which feeds mainly on plants and can be found in Europe and North America. This species eats high protein vegetation, such as soybeans or corn. Still, they do not contain enough nutrients for this insect’s needs, so it must supplement its diet with other sources like aphids or leafhoppers (both types of bugs).

Grasshoppers Predators

They are classified as Orthopterans, which means they have jointed legs like an animal with backbones. Grasshoppers are closely related to crickets, katydids, walking sticks, and locusts. The main difference between them is that grasshoppers sing by rubbing their wings together while crickets use their front legs to make the noise.


There are many different types of grasshoppers, but they all have a similar life cycle. They start out as eggs in the summer or fall. These eggs hatch into nymphs that look like miniature adult versions and live underground for about two years before finally becoming adults themselves.

The female grasshopper lays her eggs in batches on dry plant material such as leaves, twigs, or stems. She can lay up to 50 eggs at one time during each pack. Grasshoppers typically mate only once per year; however, some species may mate twice (or more) if conditions are favorable enough for them to survive until another mating season rolls around again. Males usually call females with their wings by rubbing them together quickly, creating an audible sound.

In Folklore and Culture

In folklore and culture, the grasshopper is a symbol of laziness.

In some cultures, such as China’s, it is also a symbol of hope and joy because the Chinese word for “grasshopper” sounds like the word for “happiness.” In Japan, grasshoppers are good luck omens that foretell prosperity. And in America, during World War II, they were used as symbols of peace.

Grasshoppers have been written into many songs over the years, including two by Bob Dylan: “Grasshopper” from his album “Infidels” and “The Ballad of Hollis Brown” on his self-titled debut album. These songs explore how society judges people as lazy and worthless when they are down on their luck. They also touch upon how those people often turn to drugs, alcohol, or other destructive behaviors to cope with this judgmental society.

In Folklore: In the Chinese culture, it is considered good luck if you see one of these creatures because it means that your family will soon be blessed by addition after many years of only having girls in the house (or boys). It’s not very lucky for locals who have gardens, though!

In Japan: The grasshopper represents happiness because its name sounds like “happiness,” so seeing them would bring joy to any onlooker. There was once even a popular children’s song called “Utsukushii Kuni e” (Towards a Beautiful Country) which was sung with the line: “A grasshopper on, A grasshopper off.”

FAQs about Grasshopper

What about Grasshopper Food?

Grasshoppers are not picky eaters. They will eat plants, leaves, flowers, and even bark. Grasshoppers have also been known to eat other insects.

Where do the grasshoppers live?

Grasshoppers live in most parts of the world. They do exceptionally well with hot, dry weather and grasses to eat. Grasshoppers like warm places best, but they can also live at high elevations and even near the poles. You might find them in mountains or deserts, or you may see them at your local park eating plants that grow along a lakefront or riverbank! Some kinds of grasshopper will migrate as the season’s change, so it’s important to know what type you have before making assumptions about where he lives.

How do Grasshoppers hop?

The grasshopper’s legs have particular muscles that are used to jump. The leg joints are specially designed to be stiff to avoid breaking when they leap high in the air. Their hind legs are lined with alternating long and short bristles (called a comb), which makes them strong enough for powerful jumps. For example, the hind legs of an adult grasshopper can exert up to 300 times its own weight during each push-off.

What kind of habitat does the grasshopper need?

The grasshopper needs a habitat with high humidity and abundant food sources. The grass is the best food source, but you can also feed them cornmeal or carrots and weed plants such as dandelions and clover. They like to live in areas where they will not be stepped on, so having an area protected from people passing by would be suitable for this insect species. Make sure their living environment has enough room for all stages of life and regularly check to make sure there are no parasites present. (parasites: any organism which feeds on another while contributing nothing to its survival.)

How do grasshoppers communicate with each other?

The grasshopper’s primary way of communicating is through sound. Grasshoppers create sounds using their wings and legs to make a high-pitched “chirping” noise. These sounds are created by muscles that vibrate membranes along the abdomen, thorax, or back (wings). The vibration causes similar vibrations in the air surrounding them, producing sound waves that we can hear as chirps.

What do baby grasshoppers eat?

Baby grasshoppers start out by eating their mother’s milk. After they’re a few weeks old, they start to eat small insects and other invertebrates. As they grow older, they gradually transition to more oversized prey items.

Are Grasshoppers poisonous?

Grasshoppers can be poisonous, but they are not typically dangerous to humans. They may bite if handled or threatened, but the venom is not harmful. Some people have reported an itchy rash after being bitten by a grasshopper, but these insects pose no serious danger.

What do grasshoppers drink?

Grasshoppers drink water mostly. They can also drink liquids that are high in salt or sugar content. Grasshopper eggs contain a special fluid called “trophic egg yolk,” which provides nutrients to the embryos as they develop inside the eggs before hatching out into nymphs. Adult grasshoppers prefer soft, young plant growth to chew on for their food source and because it is easier to digest than other plants parts like older leaves or stems. When there isn’t enough vegetation available for them to eat, some species of grasshoppers will turn cannibalistic by eating each other!

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